Archive \ Volume.8 2019 Issue 1

The Soft War and its Effect on the People Living beside the Arvand River

Mehdi Amanat Behbahani
Abstract

Today, the soft war and the psychological operation have been changed into the main strategies and policies of most of the superpowers confronting the target states and nations. Their objective of starting a soft war in the form of a media war, is to overthrow a political system and provoke a conflict between the people living in a land, so that, through the weakness or overthrowing the political system, or the ethnic and social conflicts, they would have a justifiable reason to penetrate and intervene in those countries’ affairs. The enemy, in the psychological operation and the soft war, always has a precise and measured road map, and tries to have a careful and orderly plan for maximum effectiveness of all social groups and populations, even in different regions. One of the critical and important regions of Iran is the region near to the Arvand River and the cities of Abadan and Khorramshahr, in Khuzestan Province, southwest of Iran, which is strategically, economically, and socially important. The presence of several ethnicities and tribes, besides its contiguity with the southern parts of Iraq, and its energy resources, have highlighted the sensitivity and importance of this region for all. Since affecting the people living in the sensitive and strategic regions is among the main priorities of the enemies in the soft war, these people are attacked with the soft war and the psychological operations in the form of different tactics, such as: rumor spreading, big lies, calumniation, catastrophic predictions, divisions, and contradictions, and so on. So that, by making problems in this region, they deprive the Islamic Republic of achieving the advantages and desirability resulted from this region. Also, regarding the extensiveness of the economic and social relationships and interactions between Iran and Iraq in the recent years, one of the priorities of the enemies in the soft war is creating disagreements and hatred between the two nations of Iran and Iraq, using different methods and tactics, in order to prevent the empowering of the two nations as a result of expansion of the mutual relationships.


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