Archive \ Volume.7 2018 Issue 2

Species Composition and Distribution Pattern of Waterbirds in Algerian Central Hauts Plateaux Wetlands

Asma Zoubiri , Ettayib Bensaci , Yassine Nouidjem , Menouar Saheb , Bilal Gasmi , El Hadi Mailbi
Abstract

With the aim to assess waterbirds’ diversity, status and distribution in the Central Hauts Plateaux wetlands of Algeria, a survey was conducted along four successive study years in the main sites. This monitoring allowed assessing 52 species, representing 16 families. Anatidae are the most abundant, and represented by 11 species. Boughzoul´s reservoir is the highly rich wetland, followed by Chott El Hodna and K’sob reservoir. However, Dayet El Kerfa is the preferred wetland for breeding species. Winter migrants, residents, and migrant species are the dominated status with 43 %, 28 % and 17 %, respectively. While these statuses varied between sites. Overall, the analyzed phonological status of assessed species displays the key role played by these wetlands as wintering grounds, a stopover during migration journeys, and breeding sites for several waterbirds’ species. The presence of vulnerable species (Marmaronetta angustirostris), and three near threatened other species (Aythya nyroca, Limosa limosa, Numenius arquata) following the IUCN Red List confirms the importance of the Central Hauts Plateaux wetlands for waterbirds conservation.


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