Archive \ Volume.7 2018 Issue 1

First Data on Breeding Ecology of the Egyptian Vulture Neophron Percnopterus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Oum El Bouaghi Cliffs

Sarra Messabhia , Labed Ababsa , Menouar Saheb

This paper presents the first detailed description and investigation of the Egyptian vulture’s breeding ecology in Algeria. The study was carried out during the period 2014-2017 in Tarf Mountain in the semi-arid High Plateaux region. Characteristics of 7 nests were studied. The height was different among the nests ranging from 4 to 38m. They were all settled on cliffs (height between 12 and 33.4 m) either in shallow caves (71.43%) or on ledges (28.57%). The nests’ orientation was towards the north-east located (4816.02±273.73m) away from the dump, and (50.63 ±30.12 m) away from the nearest neighbor.  The laying period lasted for 40 days and the mean clutch size was (1.86±0.38) egg. The mean hatching success was (57.14±44.99%), and the fledging success was (71.43±48.80%). Only 2 nests failed. The results of this study contrasted with some previous studies, carried out mainly in Europe and Asia. The presence of the global endangered Neophron percnopterus with high breeding success confirmed the importance of Tarf Mountain for raptors’ conservation.