The municipal solid waste exacerbates particularly the public health problems in the country. M'sila city is experiencing a strong population growth accompanied by a spatial extension which is poorly controlled. In addition, there are no mapped and documented inventories of them. The aim of our study is to highlight the applications and the main factors determining the management of the solid waste through a GIS approach by a case study covering sectors of the M'sila city. The traditional techniques used in the waste management study are based mainly on manual methods, which results are generally incorrect. With the emergence of the new tools such as GIS and the remote sensing, it has become easy to create, Identify, analyze and model the data, and draw thematic maps of a study area. This technique has made it possible to set up a spatially referenced database on the management of the solid waste. The latter includes various information concerning waste collecting operators, subscribers to this service, and the waste collection points in the sectors of the two services: Technical Burying Centers (TBC) and People’s Municipal Council (PMC). The use of GIS makes it possible to increase the speed and precision of the mapping, mainly in relation to our study.