World Journal of Environmental Biosciences
World Journal of Environmental Biosciences
2020 Volume 9 Issue 3

The Role of Rural Communities in Food Security

Bijan Rahmani, Hamideh S. Aghamiri

Food security is everyone has access to enough food at all times to have a healthy body. Availability and sustainability of food intake are the main elements for any country in food security.  According to the FAO (2014) report, in order to provide food for the world's 9 billion people in 2050, production will need to be doubled, while the amount of resources will be halved, compared to today. As a result, given the importance of resources in the food security of any country, geographical conditions or spatial differences must be considered in order to adopt the right policies. Production figures in Iran shows that increasing this security is possible in rural community with 70% of the production share possible. The case study of this research has been Isfahan province. This study aimed to consider the infrastructure of the country to ensure food security by emphasizing the share of villages and the social, economic and physical conditions of this group. Due to the relationship between rural agriculture and food security, the researcher first examined the situation of rural agriculture in the province. In the next step, using the Delphi method, the statistical population including farmers and provincial managers was classified and, the researcher tried to use the descriptive-analytical method by designing questions and methodological research. Paying attention to the special share of the rural community in GDP, guaranteeing purchases and paying attention to the safety conditions of rural production were among the indicators that were considered in this study.

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