World Journal of Environmental Biosciences
World Journal of Environmental Biosciences
2019 Volume 8 Issue 2

Investigation of the Role of Shia in Political Revival of Iran in Safavid Era

Azita Barfarah, Ataollah Abdi, HabibollahFazeli‎‏3

The basis of national solidarity of the countries is rooted in a ‎collection of material and divine elements which are known as the existential cause. Therefore, different nations and governments, in order to manifest themselves in the ‎political facet as the independent units, need to improve, and even construct this vital ‎element. Iran regarding its ancient history has passed ‎through a long distance from this aspect, which has had ups and downs at times, as ‎after the fall of Sassanid Dynasty, the existential cause of Iran waned for about nine ‎hundred years. For a period of two hundred years, Iran was all obedient to the Great ‎Islamic Caliphate in all aspects, and after the decomposition of Abbasid Caliphate,the ‎Iranian states were ruled by the local independent rulers. After that, the fundamental ‎element of the emergence of a new government in Iran and the Shiite sect becoming ‎official, and its spread by Shah Ismael (1499-1524) led to the definition of the ‎existential cause in Iran with reliance to the past ancient heritage and new content. ‎The matter of the current study was to investigate the process of revival of ‎Iran’s new existential cause in the form of ethnic symbolism oriented towards Shia, in ‎this time section. ‎The method of the current study is descriptive-analytical and the data collection ‎instrument is the library-based study. The results of the study indicate that the ‎Safavid, through strengthening elements such as the Persian language, the customs, ‎and traditions, managed to establish the national solidarity.

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