World Journal of Environmental Biosciences
World Journal of Environmental Biosciences
2018 Volume 7 Issue 4

Changeability of Essential Oils in Algerian Mentha Rotundifolia L.(Lamiaceae) Growing in Sub Humid Area


Aziz Bouhabila, Amar Zellagui, Isa Telci, Sara Maarfia, Noureddine Gherraf
Abstract

The chemical composition of the essential oils hydrodistillated from leaves, stems and bunds of Mentha retendifolia, collected from Constantine (sub humid area) Algeria, was analyzed by (GC-MS). In total, 21, 13 and 21 chemical compounds were identified in the essential oils; respectively. The essential oils represented 63.2%, 22.8%, and 34.1%, of the total oil composition in leaves, stems, and buds correspondingly. The results showed that the major components from the leaves were: Germacrene (26.47 %), Caryophyllene (13.56%), Hydroquinone, 2,6-dimethyl (11.51%), β-Farnesene (8.52 %). Whereas in stems, the major components were pulegone oxide (83.51%), Spatlehunol (3.0 %), Borneol (2.19 %), and Aglaiene (1.76 %), and in bunds, the major components were Puligone (57.97) Caryophyllene (6.01 %) Germacrene (5.28 %) and δ-Cadinene (5.13 %).


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