Fractures have been associated with a lot of consequences and complications affecting the daily lives of patients. Thus, much researchers have been done to know which fractures are associated with which complications. One of the most notable fractures is that of the forearm region, these have been noted to happen on many areas (proximal, distal, ulnar, and radial) due to the complexity of the area. One of the first descriptions of these injuries was by Dr. Giovanni Monteggia who identified shaft of ulnar fractures with dislocation of radial head pattern. Our objective was to look into the literature concerning Monteggia fracture and particularly the diagnosis process and management. PubMed database used for articles selection, papers on were obtained and reviewed. The forearm is one of the most important structures of the upper limb, thus any fractures and/or dislocations are clinically important. Monteggia fracture is one of the most common injuries of this are, and even though it can be easier to diagnose on radiologic studies it can be tricky to diagnose clinically. Most cases are treated surgically and will need a long rehabilitation course taking up to months. Nevertheless, many complications can occur in the pre-operative, post-operative, and even after rehabilitation.